There are a number of ingredients which are used in cosmetics, with various types of ingredients being used to create vastly different colors and textures once the cosmetic items have been applied. Despite there being so many options available when it comes to the overall ingredients in cosmetics, most cosmetics will feature one of three types of base ingredients. Instead of being focused on creating the perfect shades, the base ingredients are what make up the underlying core of the cosmetic application. These ingredients determine the overall texture of the makeup, whether the cosmetic items are thick or thin, and can even affect how easy or difficult application of the product is. The three most common base ingredients found in cosmetics are water, minerals, and oils.
Obviously, each of these three ingredients has their own qualities as well as their own advantages and disadvantages. Because of how important it is to have the ability to match cosmetics with your skin type and personal preferences, taking the time to compare and understand these three base ingredients could be the key to finding the exact type of cosmetics that will meet your needs and best complement your skin tone. Here are the most important details about each type of cosmetics base so that you can find the type that is best for you.
Many water-based cosmetics choose water as their base ingredient because it can produce a lighter and thinner product than either mineral-based or oil-based cosmetics. This is an especially popular option with many mascaras and liquid eyeliners, since they rely on their thinner nature to be able to be applied effectively. In addition to being able to produce a product that flows well and goes on lightly, many water-based cosmetics cost less to produce as opposed to other bases. This can lead to a product that not only is easy to apply but that also has a slightly lower cost on average than other options.
Many water-based liquid cosmetics will have a natural glossiness to them, a characteristic which can be accentuated in products such as lip gloss or which can be toned down by the addition of powdered ingredients in concealers. Water-based cosmetics may be a bit more difficult to apply, but tend to not clump as much as other types.
Not as common as water- or oil-based cosmetics but rapidly growing in popularity, mineral-based cosmetic products use natural minerals as their base component and pigment. This results in cosmetic products which are most often sold as an ultrafine powder, eliminating much of the glossiness and difficulty that can come with using liquid-based cosmetics. Many mineral-based cosmetics use only natural ingredients, making sure that all of the pigments that appear in the products are shades that can be found in nature and also reducing the likelihood of allergic reactions that are often triggered by chemically-based ingredients. Because of the purity of the ingredients (and in some cases, the difficulty of getting the ingredients in the first place), many mineral-based cosmetics will have at least a slightly higher price than water-based and oil-based cosmetics. It is important to do as much research into the type of cosmetics you are considering purchasing, in order to ensure that you go home with the type which is best for your skin.
The majority of mineral-based cosmetics can be used to give slight hints of color where needed without overpowering the natural beauty of the face. Because of its powdered nature, mineral-based cosmetics can appear more natural than other types of cosmetic products, when used sparingly. Mineral-based cosmetics generally go on easily, though it can take some practice to find the exact amount needed when changing from liquid cosmetics.
The other common base ingredient for cosmetic products is oil, with oil-based cosmetics featuring a wide variety of colors, textures, and application techniques. Because of the ease with which oil-based cosmetics cling to the skin they present a happy medium for many between water-based products and the powders of mineral-based cosmetic products. The thickness of oil-based cosmetics can vary from liquids to near-solids, with the cosmetic products staying in place relatively well regardless of the thickness when applied. Different types of oil and pigments can be used in oil-based cosmetics, allowing manufacturers to release numerous product lines that are similar in scope but which all feature unique characteristics and shades. The price of oil-based cosmetics depends largely on the specific ingredients that are used in their manufacture, so both low-priced and high-priced options exist.
The biggest concern that many people have in regards to using oil-based cosmetics is that they are often more noticeable than other cosmetic types. Though application is generally quite easy for oil-based concealers and other oil cosmetics, care must be taken to make sure that too much is not applied at once.